شرح apt-get Commands In Linux . - .web.germany شرح apt-get Commands In Linux . - .web.germany

شرح apt-get Commands In Linux .

شرح apt-get Commands In Linux .



كيفية أستخدام أوامر apt-get في Linux ؟

ما هي  أوامر apt-get في Linux ؟

كيفية العثور على حزم جديدة من خلال أوامر apt-get في Linux ؟

كيفية تثبيت حزم جديدة  apt-get في Linux ؟

كيفية ترقية حزم جديدة  apt-get في Linux ؟

كيفية  تنظيف النظام من خلال  apt-get في Linux ؟ .

شرح apt-get Commands In Linux .     كيفية أستخدام أوامر apt-get في Linux ؟ ما هي  أوامر apt-get في Linux ؟ كيفية العثور على حزم جديدة من خلال أوامر apt-get في Linux ؟ كيفية تثبيت حزم جديدة  apt-get في Linux ؟ كيفية ترقية حزم جديدة  apt-get في Linux ؟ كيفية  تنظيف النظام من خلال  apt-get في Linux ؟ .





كثيراً ما نرى apt-get , ما هو apt-get , ما عمل apt-get , لماذا نستخدم apt-get , فماذا نستخدم apt-get .

سوف أحاول الاجابة على هذه الاسئلة في هذه المقالة .


 أولاً أول شيئ يجب القيام به بعد تثبيت Ubuntu هو :

# apt-get update
#apt-get upgrade



أكتب في شاشتك : 

#apt-get

سوف تشاهد التالي :


****
apt 1.6.6 (amd64)
Usage: apt-get [options] command
       apt-get [options] install|remove pkg1 [pkg2 ...]
       apt-get [options] source pkg1 [pkg2 ...]
apt-get is a command line interface for retrieval of packages
and information about them from authenticated sources and
for installation, upgrade and removal of packages together
with their dependencies.
Most used commands:
  update - Retrieve new lists of packages
  upgrade - Perform an upgrade
  install - Install new packages (pkg is libc6 not libc6.deb)
  remove - Remove packages
  purge - Remove packages and config files
  autoremove - Remove automatically all unused packages
  dist-upgrade - Distribution upgrade, see apt-get(8)
  dselect-upgrade - Follow dselect selections
  build-dep - Configure build-dependencies for source packages
  clean - Erase downloaded archive files
  autoclean - Erase old downloaded archive files
  check - Verify that there are no broken dependencies
  source - Download source archives
  download - Download the binary package into the current directory
  changelog - Download and display the changelog for the given package
See apt-get(8) for more information about the available commands.
Configuration options and syntax is detailed in apt.conf(5).
Information about how to configure sources can be found in sources.list(5).
Package and version choices can be expressed via apt_preferences(5).
Security details are available in apt-secure(8).
****


هذا ما سوف أشرحه لك .



ما هو apt-get؟


أوبونتو مشتق من ديبيان لينكس . وتستخدم دبيان نظام تغليف dpkg . نظام التعبئة هو طريقة لتوفير البرامج والتطبيقات للتثبيت. بهذه الطريقة ، لن تحتاج إلى إنشاء برنامج من شفرة المصدر.

الآن APT  هي أداة سطر الأوامر للتفاعل مع نظام التعبئة هذا. هناك بالفعل أوامر dpkg لإدارتها. لكن apt هي طريقة أكثر ملاءمة للتعامل مع التغليف. يمكنك استخدامه للعثور على حزم جديدة وتثبيتها ، وترقية الحزم ، وتنظيف الطرود .


هناك نوعان من الأدوات الرئيسية حوله: apt-get و apt-cache. apt-get هي لتثبيت ، ترقية وتنظيف الحزم بينما يتم استخدام apt-cache لإيجاد حزم جديدة. سنرى كل هذه الأوامر مع أمثلة لاحقة في هذا الدليل.



كيفية تحديث قاعدة بيانات الحزمة مع apt-get ؟


تعمل apt-get أساسًا على قاعدة بيانات الحزم المتوفرة. إذا لم تقم بتحديث قاعدة البيانات هذه ، فلن يعرف النظام ما إذا كانت هناك حزم جديدة متوفرة أم لا. في الواقع ، هذا هو الأمر الأول الذي تحتاجه للتشغيل في أي نظام لينكس بعد التثبيت الجديد.


يتطلب تحديث قاعدة البيانات حزمة امتيازات المستخدم الفائقة لذا ستحتاج إلى استخدام #sudo.

#sudo apt-get update



عند تشغيل هذا الأمر ، سترى المعلومات التي يتم استردادها من خوادم مختلفة.


مثال لدي .

**********
[#sudo] password for knows1:
Sorry, try again.
[#sudo] password for knows1:
Sorry, try again.
[#sudo] password for knows1:
تجاهل:1 http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable InRelease
جلب:2 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security InRelease [88.7 kB]
Hit:3 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic InRelease                   
جلب:4 http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable Release [943 B]           
جلب:5 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates InRelease [88.7 kB] 
جلب:6 http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable Release.gpg [819 B]       
جلب:7 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-backports InRelease [74.6 kB]
جلب:8 http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable/main amd64 Packages [1,092 B]
جلب:9 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/main amd64 Packages [255 kB]
جلب:10 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/main i386 Packages [197 kB]
جلب:11 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/main Translation-en [96.8 kB]
جلب:12 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/main amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [204 B]
جلب:13 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [20.8 kB]
جلب:14 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/universe DEP-11 48x48 Icons [12.2 kB]
جلب:15 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/universe DEP-11 64x64 Icons [45.2 kB]
جلب:16 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 Packages [512 kB]
جلب:17 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/multiverse amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [2,464 B]
جلب:18 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main i386 Packages [446 kB]
جلب:19 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main Translation-en [192 kB]
جلب:20 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [278 kB]
جلب:21 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main DEP-11 48x48 Icons [66.7 kB]
جلب:22 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main DEP-11 64x64 Icons [123 kB]
جلب:23 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe amd64 Packages [724 kB]
جلب:24 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe i386 Packages [715 kB]
جلب:25 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe Translation-en [182 kB]
جلب:26 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [202 kB]
جلب:27 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe DEP-11 48x48 Icons [193 kB]
جلب:28 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe DEP-11 64x64 Icons [344 kB]
جلب:29 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/multiverse amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [2,464 B]
جلب:30 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-backports/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [7,336 B]
جلب 4,872 kب في 3s (1,832 kب/ث)                                     
قراءة قوائم الحزم... تمّ%
**********

كيفية ترقية قاعدة بيانات الحزمة مع apt-get ؟


بعد تحديث قاعدة بيانات الحزمة ، يمكنك ترقية الحزم المثبتة.

#sudo apt-get upgrade

الأخراج .
*********
قراءة قوائم الحزم... تمّ0%
Building dependency tree               
Reading state information... تمّ
حساب الترقية... تمّ%
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  linux-headers-4.15.0-29 linux-headers-4.15.0-29-generic
  linux-image-4.15.0-29-generic linux-modules-4.15.0-29-generic
  linux-modules-extra-4.15.0-29-generic
Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.
سيتم الإبقاء على الحزم التالية:
  libgl1-mesa-dri libwayland-egl1-mesa libxatracker2
ستتم ترقية الحزم التالية:
  apt apt-utils deja-dup gir1.2-totem-1.0 gnome-shell-extension-ubuntu-dock
  gnome-software gnome-software-common gnome-software-plugin-snap
  google-chrome-stable grub-common grub-pc grub-pc-bin grub2-common gvfs
  gvfs-backends gvfs-bin gvfs-common gvfs-daemons gvfs-fuse gvfs-libs kmod
  libapt-inst2.0 libapt-pkg5.0 libcairo-gobject2 libcairo2 libdrm-amdgpu1
  libdrm-common libdrm-intel1 libdrm-nouveau2 libdrm-radeon1 libdrm2
  libegl-mesa0 libegl1-mesa libgbm1 libgl1-mesa-glx libglapi-mesa libglx-mesa0
  libkmod2 libtotem0 libvncclient1 libwayland-client0 libwayland-cursor0
  libwayland-server0 python3-distupgrade python3-update-manager snapd tar
  thermald totem totem-common totem-plugins ubuntu-release-upgrader-core
  ubuntu-release-upgrader-gtk ubuntu-software update-manager
  update-manager-core update-notifier update-notifier-common
58 سيتم ترقيتها، 0 مثبتة حديثاً،  0 لإزالتها و 3 لم يتم ترقيتها.
بحاجة إلى جلب 80.7 Mب/85.0 Mب من الأرشيف.
After this operation, 11.6 MB of additional disk space will be used.
هل تريد الاستمرار؟ [Y/n] y
جلب:1 http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable/main amd64 google-chrome-stable amd64 72.0.3626.81-1 [57.3 MB]
جلب:2 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 tar amd64 1.29b-2ubuntu0.1 [234 kB]
جلب:3 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libapt-pkg5.0 amd64 1.6.8 [804 kB]
جلب:4 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libapt-inst2.0 amd64 1.6.8 [55.6 kB]
جلب:5 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 apt amd64 1.6.8 [1,165 kB]
جلب:6 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 apt-utils amd64 1.6.8 [208 kB]
جلب:7 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libcairo2 amd64 1.15.10-2ubuntu0.1 [580 kB]
جلب:8 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 ubuntu-release-upgrader-gtk all 1:18.04.30 [9,364 B]
جلب:9 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 ubuntu-release-upgrader-core all 1:18.04.30 [24.9 kB]
جلب:10 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 update-manager all 1:18.04.11.9 [551 kB]
جلب:11 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 python3-distupgrade all 1:18.04.30 [106 kB]
جلب:12 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 python3-update-manager all 1:18.04.11.9 [35.2 kB]
جلب:13 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 update-manager-core all 1:18.04.11.9 [8,496 B]
جلب:14 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 update-notifier amd64 3.192.1.5 [50.4 kB]
جلب:15 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 update-notifier-common all 3.192.1.5 [160 kB]
جلب:16 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 kmod amd64 24-1ubuntu3.2 [88.8 kB]
جلب:17 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libkmod2 amd64 24-1ubuntu3.2 [40.0 kB]
جلب:18 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libdrm-common all 2.4.95-1~18.04.1 [5,068 B]
جلب:19 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libdrm2 amd64 2.4.95-1~18.04.1 [31.0 kB]
جلب:20 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 deja-dup amd64 37.1-2fakesync1ubuntu0.1 [496 kB]
جلب:21 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libcairo-gobject2 amd64 1.15.10-2ubuntu0.1 [17.1 kB]
جلب:22 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 gnome-shell-extension-ubuntu-dock all 0.9.1ubuntu18.04.3 [68.9 kB]
جلب:23 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 snapd amd64 2.37.1+18.04 [14.7 MB]
جلب:24 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 grub-pc amd64 2.02-2ubuntu8.10 [137 kB]
جلب:25 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 grub2-common amd64 2.02-2ubuntu8.10 [532 kB]
جلب:26 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 grub-pc-bin amd64 2.02-2ubuntu8.10 [900 kB]
جلب:27 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 grub-common amd64 2.02-2ubuntu8.10 [1,774 kB]
جلب:28 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libdrm-amdgpu1 amd64 2.4.95-1~18.04.1 [17.4 kB]
جلب:29 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libdrm-intel1 amd64 2.4.95-1~18.04.1 [59.9 kB]
جلب:30 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libdrm-nouveau2 amd64 2.4.95-1~18.04.1 [16.5 kB]
جلب:31 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libdrm-radeon1 amd64 2.4.95-1~18.04.1 [21.7 kB]
جلب:32 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libwayland-server0 amd64 1.16.0-1ubuntu1.1~18.04.1 [29.8 kB]
جلب:33 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libegl-mesa0 amd64 18.2.2-0ubuntu1~18.04.1 [87.3 kB]
جلب:34 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libgbm1 amd64 18.2.2-0ubuntu1~18.04.1 [24.3 kB]
جلب:35 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libglx-mesa0 amd64 18.2.2-0ubuntu1~18.04.1 [134 kB]
جلب:36 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libglapi-mesa amd64 18.2.2-0ubuntu1~18.04.1 [23.5 kB]
جلب:37 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libwayland-client0 amd64 1.16.0-1ubuntu1.1~18.04.1 [23.8 kB]
جلب:38 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libegl1-mesa amd64 18.2.2-0ubuntu1~18.04.1 [4,840 B]
جلب:39 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libgl1-mesa-glx amd64 18.2.2-0ubuntu1~18.04.1 [3,784 B]
جلب:40 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libvncclient1 amd64 0.9.11+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1 [54.8 kB]
جلب:41 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 libwayland-cursor0 amd64 1.16.0-1ubuntu1.1~18.04.1 [10.1 kB]
جلب:42 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 thermald amd64 1.7.0-5ubuntu2 [187 kB]
جلب 80.7 Mب في 25s (3,221 kب/ث)                                             
استخراج القوالب من الحزم: 100%
تهيئة الحزم مسبقاً ...
(Reading database ... 197964 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../tar_1.29b-2ubuntu0.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking tar (1.29b-2ubuntu0.1) over (1.29b-2) ...
Setting up tar (1.29b-2ubuntu0.1) ...
(Reading database ... 197964 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libapt-pkg5.0_1.6.8_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libapt-pkg5.0:amd64 (1.6.8) over (1.6.6ubuntu0.1) ...
Setting up libapt-pkg5.0:amd64 (1.6.8) ...
(Reading database ... 197964 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libapt-inst2.0_1.6.8_amd64.deb ...
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Unpacking apt (1.6.8) over (1.6.6ubuntu0.1) ...
Setting up apt (1.6.8) ...
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(Reading database ... 197964 files and directories currently installed.)
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done
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*********

كيفية ترقية برنامج محدد ؟



في حال رغبت في ترقية برنامج محدد فقط ، استخدم الأمر أدناه:

#sudo apt-get upgrade <أسم الحزمة>

كيفية ترقية ترقية كامل الحزم  ؟


هناك طريقة أخرى لتوفير ترقية كامل الحزم باستخدام الأمر أدناه:

#sudo apt-get dist-upgrade


سوف  يبحث عن التبعيات مع الإصدار الأحدث ويحاول تثبيته. ولكن يجب تجنب استخدامها. ساوضح ذلك في القسم التالي.


--------------------------------------------------

تنبيه أول هام جداً :

الأمر apt-get upgrade مطيع جدًا. لا تحاول أبداً إزالة أي حزم أو محاولة تثبيت حزمة جديدة بمفردها. سوف تعلم لماذا في الشرح القادم .

تنبيه ثاني هام جداً :

الأمر apt-get dist-upgrade ، من ناحية أخرى ، هو استباقي. يبحث عن التبعيات مع الإصدار الأحدث من الحزمة التي يتم تثبيتها ويحاول تثبيت حزمة جديدة أو إزالة حزمة موجودة من تلقاء نفسها.




ما الفرق بين التحديث و الترقية   updat- apt-get-upgrade-؟



 إذا كان لديك الإصدار XYX الإصدار 8.5 مثبتًا ، بعد تحديث apt-get ، ستعلم قاعدة البيانات أن الإصدار الأحدث 8.6 متاح.

عند القيام بترقية apt-get بعد تحديث apt-get ، فإنه يقوم بترقية  الحزم المثبتة إلى الإصدار الأحدث.




هذا هو السبب في أن الطريقة الأسرع والأكثر ملاءمة لتحديث أوبونتو هي استخدام هذا الأمر:

#sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y





كيفية البحث عن الحزم apt-cache ؟


باستخدام أوامر apt-cache للبحث عن الحزم


#sudo apt-cache search <ماذا>


الاخراج
*********************
apache2 - Apache HTTP Server
apache2-bin - Apache HTTP Server (modules and other binary files)
apache2-data - Apache HTTP Server (common files)
apache2-dbg - Apache debugging symbols
apache2-dev - Apache HTTP Server (development headers)
apache2-doc - Apache HTTP Server (on-site documentation)
apache2-ssl-dev - Apache HTTP Server (mod_ssl development headers)
apache2-utils - Apache HTTP Server (utility programs for web servers)
emacs-goodies-el - Miscellaneous add-ons for Emacs
javascript-common - Base support for JavaScript library packages
libapache2-mod-apparmor - changehat AppArmor library as an Apache module
libapache2-mod-auth-mellon - SAML 2.0 authentication module for Apache
libapache2-mod-auth-pgsql - Module for Apache2 which provides PostgreSQL authentication
libapache2-mod-auth-plain - Module for Apache2 which provides plaintext authentication
libapache2-mod-perl2 - Integration of perl with the Apache2 web server
libapache2-mod-perl2-dev - Integration of perl with the Apache2 web server - development files
libapache2-mod-perl2-doc - Integration of perl with the Apache2 web server - documentation
libapache2-mod-php - server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (Apache 2 module) (default)
libapache2-mod-php7.2 - server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (Apache 2 module)
libapache2-mod-python - Python-embedding module for Apache 2
libapache2-mod-python-doc - Python-embedding module for Apache 2 - documentation
libapache2-mod-wsgi - Python WSGI adapter module for Apache
libapache2-reload-perl - module for reloading Perl modules when changed on disk
libapr1 - Apache Portable Runtime Library
libapr1-dbg - Apache Portable Runtime Library - Debugging Symbols
libapr1-dev - Apache Portable Runtime Library - Development Headers
libaprutil1 - Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library
libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 - Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - SQLite3 Driver
libaprutil1-dbg - Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - Debugging Symbols
libaprutil1-dev - Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - Development Headers
libaprutil1-ldap - Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - LDAP Driver
libclucene-contribs1v5 - language specific text analyzers (runtime)
libclucene-core1v5 - core library for full-featured text search engine (runtime)
libclucene-dev - library for full-featured text search engine (development)
libconfig-general-perl - generic configuration module
libdotconf-dev - Configuration file parser library - development files
libdotconf0 - Configuration file parser library - runtime files
libdotconf0-dbg - Configuration file parser library - debugging symbols
libfile-listing-perl - module to parse directory listings
libnet-server-perl - extensible, general perl server engine
libwinpr2-2 - Windows Portable Runtime library
libwinpr2-dev - Windows Portable Runtime library (development files)
memcached - high-performance memory object caching system
nano - small, friendly text editor inspired by Pico
php-cgi - server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (CGI binary) (default)
php7.2-cgi - server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (CGI binary)
python-cherrypy3 - Python web development framework - Python 2 module
python-kazoo - higher level API to Apache Zookeeper (Python 2)
python-retrying - simplifies the task of adding retry behavior - Python 2.x
resource-agents - Cluster Resource Agents
winpr-utils - Windows Portable Runtime library command line utilities
activemq - Java message broker - server
alpine - Text-based email client, friendly for novices but powerful
alpine-doc - Text-based email client's documentation
ant - Java based build tool like make
ant-contrib - collection of tasks, types and other tools for Apache Ant
ant-doc - Java based build tool like make - API documentation and manual
ant-optional - Java based build tool like make - optional libraries
apache2-suexec-custom - Apache HTTP Server configurable suexec program for mod_suexec
apache2-suexec-pristine - Apache HTTP Server standard suexec program for mod_suexec
apachedex - Compute APDEX from Apache-style logs
apacheds - Apache Directory Server
apachetop - Realtime Apache monitoring tool
archmage - CHM(Compiled HTML) Decompressor
asp.net-examples - demo pages for ASP.NET infrastructure
asql - Run SQL queries against apache logs
avro-bin - Apache Avro C utilities (avro-c)
bitz-server - ICAP server (RFC 3507) implementation in C++
bitz-server-doc - ICAP server (RFC 3507) implementation in C++ (Documentation)
chasquid - simple SMTP (email) server written in go
cl-modlisp - Common Lisp interface to the Apache mod-lisp module
collectd-core - statistics collection and monitoring daemon (core system)
coquelicot - "one-click" file sharing web application with a focus on users' privacy
cortado - streaming applet for Ogg formats
cronolog - Logfile rotator for web servers
cs - simple, yet powerful CloudStack API client
dacs - Distributed Access Control System (DACS)
dehydrated-apache2 - dehydrated challenge response support for Apache2
derby-doc - Apache Derby API documentation and examples
derby-tools - Apache Derby Tools
drbdlinks - Manages symlinks into a shared DRBD partition
elog - Logbook system to manage notes through a Web interface
emboss-explorer - web-based GUI to EMBOSS
erlang-p1-xmpp - Erlang/Elixir XMPP parsing and serialization library
fail2ban - ban hosts that cause multiple authentication errors
fusionforge-plugin-authhttpd - FusionForge plugin - HTTPD authentication
fusionforge-web - collaborative development tool - web part (using Apache)
fusionforge-web-vhosts - collaborative development tool - web vhosts (using Apache)
gforge-web-apache2 - Dummy upgrade package for FusionForge
gitweb - fast, scalable, distributed revision control system (web interface)
goaccess - log analyzer and interactive viewer for the Apache Webserver
golang-github-confluentinc-confluent-kafka-go-dev - Apache Kafka Golang client by Confluent
golang-github-eapache-go-xerial-snappy-dev - Xerial-compatible Snappy framing support for Go
golang-github-gorilla-handlers-dev - collection of useful handlers for Go's net/http package
golang-github-mesos-mesos-go-dev - Go language bindings for Apache Mesos
golang-github-shopify-sarama-dev - Go library for Apache Kafka
golang-github-tendermint-go-wire-dev - Go bindings for the Wire encoding protocol
golang-github-xanzy-go-cloudstack-dev - Golang API client to interact with Apache CloudStack
golang-gopkg-eapache-channels.v1-dev - collection of helpers around golang's existing channels
golang-gopkg-eapache-go-resiliency.v1-dev - resiliency patterns for golang
golang-gopkg-eapache-queue.v1-dev - fast golang queue using ring-buffer
gridsite - Grid Security for the Web, Web platforms for Grids
gridsite-clients - Clients to gridsite: htcp, htrm, htmv
gridsite-doc - Developers Documentation for gridsite
guacamole - HTML5 web application for accessing remote desktops
hashcat - World's fastest and most advanced password recovery utility
http-icons - classic MIME icons
ip2host - Resolve IPs to hostnames in web server logs
jardiff - tool to visualise API differences between two JAR files
jdresolve - fast alternative to apache logresolve
jekyll - Simple, blog aware, static site generator
jeuclid-cli - Complete MathML rendering solution (command line tools)
jeuclid-mathviewer - Complete MathML rendering solution (Swing MathViewer)
jmeter - Load testing and performance measurement application (main application)
jmeter-apidoc - Load testing and performance measurement application (API doc)
jmeter-ftp - Load testing and performance measurement application (ftp module)
jmeter-help - Load testing and performance measurement application (user manual)
jmeter-http - Load testing and performance measurement application (http module)
jmeter-java - Load testing and performance measurement application (java module)
jmeter-jms - Load testing and performance measurement application (jms module)
jmeter-junit - Load testing and performance measurement application (junit module)
jmeter-ldap - Load testing and performance measurement application (ldap module)
jmeter-mail - Load testing and performance measurement application (mail module)
jmeter-mongodb - Load testing and performance measurement application (mongodb module)
jmeter-tcp - Load testing and performance measurement application (tcp module)
jscommunicator-web-phone - Basic SIP video-phone web page using WebRTC
jsurf-alggeo - Java based visualization library for real algebraic geometry
kafkacat - generic producer and consumer for Apache Kafka
klone - embedded web application development framework
koji-servers - RPM-based build system - server components
kopano-webapp-apache2 - WebApp for the Kopano Collaboration Platform - Apache2
ksystemlog - system log viewer
lemonldap-ng-handler - Lemonldap::NG handler part
libactivemq-activeio-java - ActiveMQ ActiveIO protocol implementation framework
libactivemq-activeio-java-doc - ActiveMQ ActiveIO protocol implementation framework - documentation
libactivemq-java - Java message broker core libraries
libactivemq-protobuf-java - ActiveMQ Protocol Buffers Maven plugin
libactivemq-protobuf-java-doc - ActiveMQ Protocol Buffers Maven plugin - documentation
libaether-ant-tasks-java - Aether Ant Tasks
libapache-admin-config-perl - module to read/write Apache like configuration files
libapache-asp-perl - perl Apache::ASP - Active Server Pages for Apache with mod_perl
libapache-authenhook-perl - Perl API for Apache 2.1 authentication
libapache-authznetldap-perl - Apache-Perl module that enables to authorize a user with LDAP attributes
libapache-db-perl - module to run the interactive Perl debugger under mod_perl
libapache-dbi-perl - interface connecting apache server to database via perl's DBI
libapache-dbilogger-perl - Perl module for tracking what's being transferred in a DBI database
libapache-directory-api-java - Apache Directory LDAP API
libapache-directory-jdbm-java - ApacheDS JDBM Implementation
libapache-gallery-perl - Apache module to create image galleries on-the-fly
libapache-htgroup-perl - interface to Apache authentication group files
libapache-htpasswd-perl - module to manage Unix crypt-style password file
libapache-logformat-compiler-perl - Perl module to pre-compile a LogFormat string
libapache-mime4j-java - MIME and RFC822 parser for Java
libapache-mime4j-java-doc - MIME and RFC822 parser for Java - documentation
libapache-mod-jk-doc - Documentation of libapache2-mod-jk package
libapache-poi-java - Apache POI - Java API for Microsoft Documents
libapache-poi-java-doc - Apache POI - Java API for Microsoft Documents (Documentation)
libapache-pom-java - Maven metadata for all Apache Software projects
libapache-session-browseable-perl - module adding index and search methods to Apache::Session
libapache-session-ldap-perl - LDAP implementation of Apache::Session
libapache-session-memcached-perl - Perl module for storing persistent data using memcached
libapache-session-perl - modules for keeping persistent user data across HTTP requests
libapache-session-sqlite3-perl - SQLite3 implementation of Apache::Session
libapache-session-wrapper-perl - simple wrapper around Apache::Session
libapache-sessionx-perl - extended persistence framework for session data
libapache-singleton-perl - Singleton class for mod_perl
libapache-ssllookup-perl - glue layer between Perl handlers and the mod_ssl public API
libapache2-authcassimple-perl - Apache2 module to authenticate trough a CAS server
libapache2-authcookie-perl - Perl Authentication and Authorization via cookies
libapache2-mod-apreq2 - generic Apache request library - Apache module
libapache2-mod-auth-cas - CAS authentication module for Apache2
libapache2-mod-auth-gssapi - GSSAPI Authentication module for Apache2
libapache2-mod-auth-kerb - apache2 module for Kerberos authentication
libapache2-mod-auth-ntlm-winbind - apache2 module for NTLM authentication against Winbind
libapache2-mod-auth-openid - OpenID authentication module for Apache2
libapache2-mod-auth-openidc - OpenID Connect authentication module for Apache
libapache2-mod-auth-pubtkt - key-based single-sign-on authentication module for Apache
libapache2-mod-auth-radius - Apache 2.x module for RADIUS authentication
libapache2-mod-auth-tkt - lightweight single-sign-on authentication module for Apache
libapache2-mod-authn-sasl - SASL authentication backend provider for Apache
libapache2-mod-authn-webid - WebID FOAF+SSL authentication module for Apache
libapache2-mod-authn-yubikey - Yubikey authentication provider for Apache
libapache2-mod-authnz-external - authenticate Apache against external authentication services
libapache2-mod-authnz-pam - PAM authorization checker and PAM Basic Authentication provider
libapache2-mod-authz-securepass - Apache2 module for authorizing SecurePass users
libapache2-mod-authz-unixgroup - access control based on on unix group membership for Apache
libapache2-mod-bw - bandwidth limiting module for apache2
libapache2-mod-dacs - Distributed Access Control System (DACS) - Apache Module
libapache2-mod-defensible - module for Apache2 which provides DNSBL usage
libapache2-mod-dnssd - Zeroconf support for Apache 2 via avahi
libapache2-mod-encoding - Apache2 module for non-ascii filename interoperability
libapache2-mod-evasive - evasive module to minimize HTTP DoS or brute force attacks
libapache2-mod-fcgid - FastCGI interface module for Apache 2
libapache2-mod-fcgid-dbg - debugging symbols for mod_fcgid
libapache2-mod-form - Apache module to decode data submitted from Web forms
libapache2-mod-form-dev - Apache module to decode data submitted from Web forms (development files)
libapache2-mod-geoip - GeoIP support for apache2
libapache2-mod-gnutls - Apache module for SSL and TLS encryption with GnuTLS
libapache2-mod-intercept-form-submit - Apache module to intercept login form submission and run PAM authentication
libapache2-mod-jk - Apache 2 connector for the Tomcat Java servlet engine
libapache2-mod-ldap-userdir - Apache module that provides UserDir lookups via LDAP
libapache2-mod-ldap-userdir-dbg - Debugging symbols for mod_ldap_userdir
libapache2-mod-lisp - An Apache2 module that interfaces with Lisp environments
libapache2-mod-log-slow - Apache module for logging of slow requests handling
libapache2-mod-log-sql - Use SQL to store/write your Apache queries logs - Base
libapache2-mod-log-sql-dbi - Use SQL to store/write your Apache queries logs - DBI interface
libapache2-mod-log-sql-mysql - Use SQL to store/write your Apache queries logs - MySQL interface
libapache2-mod-log-sql-ssl - Use SQL to store/write your Apache queries logs - SSL extension
libapache2-mod-lookup-identity - Apache module to retrieve additional information about the authenticated user
libapache2-mod-mapcache - tile caching server - Apache module
libapache2-mod-md - ACME certificate support for apache2
libapache2-mod-mime-xattr - Apache2 module to get MIME info from filesystem extended attributes
libapache2-mod-mono - Apache module for running ASP.NET applications on Mono
libapache2-mod-musicindex - Browse, stream, download and search through MP3/Ogg/FLAC/MP4 files
libapache2-mod-neko - Apache module for running server-side Neko programs
libapache2-mod-netcgi-apache - OCaml application-level Internet libraries - netcgi2 Apache2 connector
libapache2-mod-nss - NSS-based SSL module for Apache2
libapache2-mod-parser3 - Parser 3, HTML-embedded scripting language (Apache2 module)
libapache2-mod-passenger - Rails and Rack support for Apache2
libapache2-mod-proxy-msrpc - Apache module for Outlook Anywhere support in reverse proxy setups
libapache2-mod-proxy-uwsgi - uwsgi proxy module for Apache2 (mod_uwsgi)
libapache2-mod-proxy-uwsgi-dbg - debugging symbols for Apache2 mod_proxy_uwsgi
libapache2-mod-qos - quality of service module for the apache2
libapache2-mod-r-base - server-side R integration with Apache 2
libapache2-mod-removeip - Module to remove IP from apache2's logs
libapache2-mod-rivet - Server-side Tcl programming system combining ease of use and power
libapache2-mod-rivet-doc - Documentation for Rivet, a server-side Tcl programming system
libapache2-mod-rpaf - module for Apache2 which takes the last IP from the 'X-Forwarded-For' header
libapache2-mod-ruid2 - suexec module for Apache 2
libapache2-mod-ruwsgi - uwsgi module for Apache2 (mod_Ruwsgi)
libapache2-mod-ruwsgi-dbg - debugging symbols for Apache2 mod_Ruwsgi
libapache2-mod-scgi - Apache module implementing the SCGI protocol
libapache2-mod-security2 - Tighten web applications security for Apache
libapache2-mod-shib2 - Federated web single sign-on system (Apache module)
libapache2-mod-svn - Apache Subversion server modules for Apache httpd
libapache2-mod-upload-progress - upload progress support for the Apache web server
libapache2-mod-uwsgi - uwsgi module for Apache2 (mod_uwsgi)
libapache2-mod-uwsgi-dbg - debugging symbols for Apache2 mod_uwsgi
libapache2-mod-vhost-ldap - Apache 2 module for Virtual Hosting from LDAP
libapache2-mod-watchcat - Process monitoring Apache module
libapache2-mod-webauth - Apache module for WebAuth authentication
libapache2-mod-webauthldap - Apache module for WebAuth LDAP lookup and authorization
libapache2-mod-webkdc - Apache modules for a WebAuth authentication KDC
libapache2-mod-wsgi-py3 - Python 3 WSGI adapter module for Apache
libapache2-mod-xforward - Apache module implements redirection based on X-Forward response header
libapache2-mod-xsendfile - Serve large static files efficiently from web applications
libapache2-mpm-itk - multiuser module for Apache
libapache2-request-perl - generic Apache request library - Perl modules
libapache2-sitecontrol-perl - perl web site authentication/authorization system
libapacheds-i18n-java - Apache Directory Server (i18n)
libapacheds-java - Apache Directory Server (Libraries)
libapacheds-kerberos-codec-java - Apache Directory Server (Kerberos Codec)
libapp-control-perl - Perl module for apachectl style control of another executable
libapr-memcache-dev - memcache client - development libraries
libapr-memcache0 - memcache client - shared library
libapreq2-3 - generic Apache request library
libapreq2-dev - generic Apache request library - development files
libapreq2-doc - generic Apache request library - documentation
libaprutil1-dbd-mysql - Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - MySQL Driver
libaprutil1-dbd-odbc - Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - ODBC Driver
libaprutil1-dbd-pgsql - Apache Portable Runtime Utility Library - PostgreSQL Driver
libauthen-htpasswd-perl - Perl module to read and modify Apache .htpasswd files
libavcodec-extra57 - FFmpeg library with additional de/encoders for audio/video codecs
libavfilter-extra6 - FFmpeg library with extra media filters - runtime files
libavro-compiler-java - Apache Avro compiler for Java
libavro-dev - Apache Avro C library headers (avro-c)
libavro-java - Apache Avro data serialization system
libavro-maven-plugin-java - Apache Avro Maven plugin
libavro23 - Apache Avro C shared library (avro-c)
libaxiom-java - Apache AXIOM - StAX-based XML Infoset compliant object model
libaxis-java - SOAP implementation in Java
libaxis-java-doc - SOAP implementation in Java (documentation)
libbatik-java - xml.apache.org SVG Library
libbsf-java - Bean Scripting Framework to support scripting languages in Java
libbsf-java-doc - Bean Scripting Framework to support scripting - documentation
libcarrotsearch-randomizedtesting-java - Randomized testing infrastructure for JUnit, Ant and Maven
libcatalyst-engine-apache-perl - Catalyst engine for Apache 1.x and 2.x
libcgi-compress-gzip-perl - module to allow automatically compressed CGI output
libcgi-expand-perl - convert flat hash to nested data using TT2's dot convention
libcgi-ssi-parser-perl - used in CGI scripts for parsing SSI directives
libcgi-ssi-perl - Perl module to use SSI from CGI scripts
libclj-http-clojure - Clojure HTTP client library
libcommons-beanutils-java - Apache Commons BeanUtils - Utility for manipulating Java beans
libcommons-beanutils-java-doc - Apache Commons BeanUtils - Documentation
libcommons-cli-java - Command line arguments and options parsing library
libcommons-codec-java - encoder and decoders such as Base64 and hexadecimal codec
libcommons-codec-java-doc - encoder and decoders such as Base64 and hexadecimal codec - documentation
libcommons-collections3-java - Apache Commons Collections - Extended Collections API for Java
libcommons-collections4-java - Apache Commons Collections - Extended Collections API for Java
libcommons-compress-java - Java API for working with compression and archive formats
libcommons-csv-java - Library for reading and writing CSV files
libcommons-csv-java-doc - Library for reading and writing CSV files (documentation)
libcommons-daemon-java - Library to launch Java applications as daemons
libcommons-dbcp-java - Database Connection Pooling Services
libcommons-dbcp-java-doc - Database Connection Pooling Services - documentation
libcommons-email-java - Apache Commons Java API for sending email
libcommons-jcs-java - Apache Commons JCS - Java Caching System
libcommons-jexl2-java - Apache Commons JEXL - Java Expression Language
libcommons-jexl2-java-doc - Documentation for Apache Commons JEXL
libcommons-jxpath-java - Apache Commons JXPath - XPath expressions applied to Java objects
libcommons-lang3-java - Extension of the java.lang package (for Java 5+)
libcommons-lang3-java-doc - Documentation for extension of the java.lang package (for Java 5+)
libcommons-launcher-java - Apache Commons Launcher - Cross platform Java application launcher
libcommons-math-java - Java lightweight mathematics and statistics components
libcommons-math-java-doc - Java lightweight mathematics and statistics components - documentation
libcommons-math3-java - Java lightweight mathematics and statistics components
libcommons-math3-java-doc - Java lightweight mathematics and statistics components - documentation
libcommons-modeler-java - convenience library to use Java Management Extensions (JMX)
libcommons-modeler-java-doc - documentation and examples for Commons Modeler
libcommons-net-java - Apache Commons Net - Java client API for basic Internet protocols
libcommons-net-java-doc - Apache Commons Net (API documentation)
libcommons-parent-java - Maven metadata for Apache Commons project
libcommons-pool2-java - Apache Commons Pool 2 - Pooling implementation for Java objects
libcommons-vfs-java - Java API for accessing various filesystems
libcommons-vfs-java-doc - Java API for accessing various filesystems - documentation
libconfig-any-perl - module to load configuration from different file formats
libconfig-apacheformat-perl - Perl module to parse Apache format config files
libconfig-find-perl - module to search configuration files using OS dependent heuristics
libcurator-client-java - Apache Curator Client
libcurator-discovery-java - Apache Curator Service Discovery
libcurator-framework-java - Apache Curator Framework
libcurator-parent-java - Apache Curator Parent
libcurator-recipes-java - Apache Curator Recipes
libcurator-test-java - Apache Curator Testing Utilities
libdaemon-generic-perl - framework to provide start/stop/reload for a daemon
libderby-java - Apache Derby Database Engine and Embedded JDBC Driver
libderbyclient-java - Apache Derby Client JDBC Driver
libdropwizard-metrics-java - capture JVM- and application-level metrics for Java applications
libembperl-perl - system for building dynamic websites with Perl
libfelix-gogo-command-java - Apache Felix Gogo Command bundle
libfelix-gogo-command-java-doc - Documentation for Apache Felix Gogo Command bundle
libfelix-gogo-runtime-java - Apache Felix Gogo Runtime bundle
libfelix-gogo-runtime-java-doc - Documentation for Apache Felix Gogo Runtime bundle
libfelix-gogo-shell-java - Apache Felix Gogo Shell bundle
libfelix-gogo-shell-java-doc - Documentation for Apache Felix Gogo Shell bundle
libfelix-osgi-obr-java - OSGi OBR Service API
libfelix-osgi-obr-java-doc - Javadoc API for OSGi OBR Service API
libfelix-resolver-java - OSGi Resolver implementation by Apache Felix
libfelix-shell-java - Felix OSGi shell to issue commands to the framework
libfelix-shell-tui-java - Apache Felix Shell TUI
libfelix-shell-tui-java-doc - Documentation for Apache Felix Shell TUI
libfelix-utils-java - collection of utility classes for Apache Felix
libfelix-utils-java-doc - collection of utility classes for Apache Felix - documentation
libfile-mmagic-perl - Perl module to guess file type
libfile-mmagic-xs-perl - Perl module to guess file type (à la mod_mime_magic)
libfontbox-java - Java font library
libfontbox-java-doc - Java font library (Documentation)
libfontbox2-java - Java font library
libfontbox2-java-doc - Java font library (Documentation)
libfpm-helper0 - ASP.NET backend for FastCGI Process Manager - helper lib
libgeronimo-annotation-1.3-spec-java - Apache Geronimo Common Annotations 1.3 API
libgeronimo-concurrent-1.0-spec-java - Apache Geronimo Concurrency Utilities for Java EE API
libgeronimo-ejb-3.2-spec-java - Apache Geronimo EJB 3.2 API
libgeronimo-interceptor-3.0-spec-java - Geronimo API implementation of the Interceptor 3.0 spec
libgeronimo-j2ee-management-1.1-spec-java - Apache Geronimo J2EE Management 1.1 API
libgeronimo-jcache-1.0-spec-java - Apache Geronimo JCache 1.0 API
libgeronimo-jpa-2.0-spec-java - Geronimo JSR-317 Java Persistence (JPA) 2.0 Spec API
libgeronimo-jpa-2.0-spec-java-doc - Documentation for libgeronimo-jpa-2.0-spec-java
libgeronimo-jta-1.2-spec-java - Apache Geronimo JTA 1.2 API
libgeronimo-validation-1.0-spec-java - Geronimo JSR-303 Bean Validation Spec API
libgeronimo-validation-1.0-spec-java-doc - Documentation for libgeronimo-validation-1.0-spec-java
libgeronimo-validation-1.1-spec-java - Geronimo JSR-349 Bean Validation Spec API
libgeronimo-validation-1.1-spec-java-doc - Documentation for libgeronimo-validation-1.1-spec-java
libgraxxia-java - Wrappers for doing Mathematics in Groovy
libgridsite-dev - Developers tools for gridsite
libgridsite6 - Run time libraries for mod_gridsite and gridsite-clients
libhtml-lint-perl - checker of HTML errors in strings or files
libicap-dev - ICAP server (RFC 3507) implementation in C++ (development files)
libicap1 - ICAP server (RFC 3507) implementation in C++ (library files)
libiconv-hook1 - extension of iconv for libapache-mod-encoding
libjackrabbit-java - content repository implementation (JCR API)
libjaxp1.3-java - Java XML parser and transformer APIs (DOM, SAX, JAXP, TrAX)
libjbzip2-java - bzip2 compression/decompression library
libjempbox-java - XMP Compatible Java Library
libjempbox-java-doc - XMP Compatible Java Library (documentation)
libjettison-java - collection of StAX parsers and writers for JSON
libjeuclid-core-java - Complete MathML rendering solution (java classes)
libjeuclid-fop-java - Complete MathML rendering solution (fop plugin)
libjglobus-axisg-java - Globus Java - Apache AXIS support
libjs-jquery-jush - jQuery Syntax Highlighter
libkinosearch1-perl - Perl library providing search engine features
liblinux-pid-perl - wrapper around the getpid() and getppid() C functions
liblog-log4perl-perl - Perl port of the widely popular log4j logging package
liblog4ada-doc - Ada library for flexible logging (documentation)
liblog4ada3 - Ada library for flexible logging (runtime)
liblog4ada4-dev - Ada library for flexible logging (development)
liblog4c-dev - C library for flexible logging (development)
liblog4c-doc - C library for flexible logging (documentation)
liblog4c3 - C library for flexible logging (runtime)
liblog4cpp-doc - C++ library for flexible logging (documentation)
liblog4cpp5-dev - C++ library for flexible logging (development)
liblog4cpp5v5 - C++ library for flexible logging (runtime)
liblog4j-extras1.2-java - Extras for Apache log4j
liblog4j-extras1.2-java-doc - Documentation for Extras for Apache log4j.
liblog4j1.2-java-doc - Documentation for liblog4j1.2-java
liblog4j2-java - Apache Log4j - Logging Framework for Java
liblog4j2-java-doc - Documentation for Apache Log4j 2
liblog4net-cil-dev - highly configurable logging API for the CLI
liblog4net1.2-cil - highly configurable logging API for the CLI
liblog4tango-dev - logging for TANGO - development library
liblog4tango-doc - logging for TANGO - documentation
liblog4tango5v5 - logging for TANGO - shared library
libluasandbox-bin - Generic Lua sandbox library for dynamic data analysis – utilities
libluasandbox-dev - Generic Lua sandbox library for dynamic data analysis – development files
libluasandbox0 - Generic Lua sandbox library for dynamic data analysis — dynamic library
liblucy-perl - search engine library
libmasonx-request-withapachesession-perl - Session handler in the Mason Request object
libmaven-artifact-transfer-java - Apache Maven Artifact Transfer
libmaven-indexer-java - Maven :: Indexer
libmaven-mapping-java - Apache Maven Mapping
libmaven-parent-java - Maven metadata for Apache Maven itself
libmaven-reporting-exec-java - Apache Maven Reporting Executor
libmaven-resolver-java - Library to handle Java artifact repositories
libmaven-resolver-transport-http-java - Library to handle Java artifact repositories (HTTP transport)
libmavibot-java - Apache Mavibot - MVCC BTree Java Implementation
libmina-java - Java network application framework
libmina-java-doc - Java network application framework - documentation
libmina2-java - Java network application framework
libmina2-java-doc - Java network application framework - documentation
libmodule-refresh-perl - tool to refresh %INC files when updated on disk
libnet-stomp-perl - Perl module providing a Streaming Text Orientated Messaging Protocol client
libnetsds-perl - Service Delivery Suite framework
libnetty-tcnative-1.1-java - Tomcat native fork for Netty
libnetty-tcnative-1.1-jni - Tomcat native fork for Netty (JNI library)
libnetty-tcnative-java - Tomcat native fork for Netty
libnetty-tcnative-jni - Tomcat native fork for Netty (JNI library)
libnginx-mod-http-subs-filter - Substitution filter module for Nginx
liboauth-signpost-java - simple OAuth message signing for Java
libocamlnet-ocaml-dev - OCaml application-level Internet libraries - core development libraries
libopenjpa-java - Java Persistence 2.0 API (JPA) implementation library
libpantomime-clojure - Clojure library dealing with MIME types
libpdfbox-java - PDF library for Java
libpdfbox-java-doc - PDF library for Java (documentation)
libpdfbox2-java - PDF library for Java
libpdfbox2-java-doc - PDF library for Java (documentation)
libpion-5.0 - lightweight HTTP interface library - runtime files
libpion-dev - lightweight HTTP interface library - development files
libpion-doc - lightweight HTTP interface library - documentation
libpion-plugins - lightweight HTTP interface library - plugins
libplack-middleware-expires-perl - mod_expires for plack
libplexus-io-java - Plexus IO Components
libplucene-perl - Perl port of the Lucene search engine
libportlet-api-2.0-spec-java - Java Portlet Specification V2.0
libportlet-api-2.0-spec-java-doc - Java Portlet Specification V2.0 - documentation
libpuppetlabs-http-client-clojure - Clojure wrapper around libhttpasyncclient-java
librdkafka++1 - library implementing the Apache Kafka protocol (C++ bindings)
librdkafka-dev - library implementing the Apache Kafka protocol (development headers)
librdkafka1 - library implementing the Apache Kafka protocol
libreverseproxy-formfiller-perl - ModPerl module to fill and submit any html form
librose-uri-perl - module for an easy  manipulation of URI components
librpc-xml-perl - Perl implementation of the XML-RPC protocol
librunapp-perl - generic module to run web-applications
libsambox-java - SAMBox PDF processor
libserf-1-1 - high-performance asynchronous HTTP client library
libserf-dev - high-performance asynchronous HTTP client library headers
libservlet3.0-java - Servlet 3.0 and JSP 2.2 Java API classes
libservlet3.0-java-doc - Servlet 3.0 and JSP 2.2 Java API documentation
libservlet3.1-java - Servlet 3.1, JSP 2.3, EL 3.0 and WebSocket 1.0 Java API classes
libservlet3.1-java-doc - Servlet 3.1, JSP 2.3, EL 3.0 and WebSocket 1.0 Java API documentation
libshiro-java - Apache Shiro - Java Security Framework
libslf4j-java - Simple Logging Facade for Java
libsvn-dev - Development files for Apache Subversion libraries
libsvn-doc - Developer documentation for libsvn
libsvn-java - Java bindings for Apache Subversion
libsvn-perl - Perl bindings for Apache Subversion
libsvn1 - Shared libraries used by Apache Subversion
libtaglibs-standard-impl-java - Apache JSP Standard Taglib Implementation
libtaglibs-standard-jstlel-java - Apache JSP Standard Taglib 1.0 EL Support
libtaglibs-standard-spec-java - Apache JSP Standard Taglib Specification API
libtcnative-1 - Tomcat native library using the Apache Portable Runtime
libtie-dxhash-perl - Perl module that keeps insertion order in hash
libtika-java - Apache Tika - content analysis toolkit
libtiles-autotag-java - Automatic tag generation for Apache Tiles
libtiles-java - Java templating framework for web application user interfaces
libtiles-java-doc - Java templating framework for web application user interfaces - documentation
libtomcat8-embed-java - Apache Tomcat 8 - Servlet and JSP engine -- embed libraries
libtomcat8-java - Apache Tomcat 8 - Servlet and JSP engine -- core libraries
libtools-logging-clojure - Logging macros for Clojure
libuima-adapter-soap-java - Library to provide SOAP web services within UIMA
libuima-adapter-vinci-java - Library to provide Vinci web services within UIMA
libuima-addons-java - Apache UIMA Addons
libuima-as-java - Apache UIMA Asynch Scaleout framework
libuima-as-java-doc - Documentation for Apache UIMA Asynch Scaleout framework
libuima-core-java - Core library for the UIMA framework
libuima-cpe-java - Library for the UIMA Collection Processing Engine
libuima-document-annotation-java - Library for the UIMA document annotation
libuima-tools-java - UIMA library for the UIMA tools
libuima-vinci-java - Library to handle Vinci web service protocol
libwcat1 - Process monitoring library
libwcat1-dev - Process monitoring library
libweb-id-perl - implementation of WebID (a.k.a. FOAF+SSL)
libwinpr-asn1-0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (ASN1 library)
libwinpr-bcrypt0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (bcrypt library)
libwinpr-credentials0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (credentials library)
libwinpr-credui0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (credeui library)
libwinpr-crt0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (crt library)
libwinpr-crypto0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (crypto library)
libwinpr-dev - Windows Portable Runtime library (development files)
libwinpr-dsparse0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (dsparse library)
libwinpr-environment0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (environment library)
libwinpr-error0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (error library)
libwinpr-file0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (file library)
libwinpr-handle0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (handle library)
libwinpr-heap0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (heap library)
libwinpr-input0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (input library)
libwinpr-interlocked0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (interlocked library)
libwinpr-io0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (io library)
libwinpr-library0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (library)
libwinpr-path0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (path library)
libwinpr-pipe0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (pipe library)
libwinpr-pool0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (pool library)
libwinpr-registry0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (registry library)
libwinpr-rpc0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (RPC library)
libwinpr-sspi0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (sspi library)
libwinpr-sspicli0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (sspicli library)
libwinpr-synch0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (synch library)
libwinpr-sysinfo0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (sysinfo library)
libwinpr-thread0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (thread library)
libwinpr-timezone0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (timezone library)
libwinpr-utils0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (utils library)
libwinpr-winhttp0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (winhttp library)
libwinpr-winsock0.1 - Windows Portable Runtime library (winsock library)
libws-commons-util-java - Common utilities from the Apache Web Services Project
libwss4j-java - Apache WSS4J WS-Security implementation
libxalan-c-dev - XSLT processor library for C++ [development]
libxalan-c111 - XSLT processor library for C++
libxml-commons-resolver1.1-java - XML entity and URI resolver library
libxml-commons-resolver1.1-java-doc - XML entity and URI resolver library -- documentation
libxml-security-c-dev - C++ library for XML Digital Signatures (development)
libxml-security-c17v5 - C++ library for XML Digital Signatures (runtime)
libxml-security-java - Apache Santuario -- XML Security for Java
libxml-security-java-doc - Documentation for Apache Santuario
libxmlbeans-maven-plugin-java - Maven XMLBeans Plugin
libxmlgraphics-commons-java - Reusable components used by Batik and FOP
libxmlgraphics-commons-java-doc - Reusable components used by Batik and FOP (documentation)
libxmlrpc3-common-java - XML-RPC implementation in Java
libxmlrpc3-java-doc - XML-RPC implementation in Java (API documentation)
libxqilla-dev - XQuery and XPath 2.0 library - Development files
libxqilla6v5 - XQuery and XPath 2.0 library
libxslthl-java - XSLT syntax highlighting
loook - Search strings in ODF documents
lua-apr - Apache Portable Runtime library for the Lua language
lua-apr-dev - Lua development files for the Apache Portable Runtime library
lua-apr-doc - Lua documentation files for the Apache Portable Runtime library
mapcache-cgi - tile caching server - CGI binary
mate-user-share - User level public file sharing via WebDAV or ObexFTP
mate-user-share-common - User level public file sharing via WebDAV or ObexFTP (common files)
mobyle - Web portal that provides web forms for command-line software
mod-musicindex-common - Common files for mod-musicindex
mono-apache-server - ASP.NET backend for mod_mono Apache module - default version
mono-apache-server4 - ASP.NET 4.5 backend for mod_mono Apache module
mono-fastcgi-server - ASP.NET backend for FastCGI webservers - default version
mono-fastcgi-server4 - ASP.NET 4.0 backend for FastCGI webservers
mono-fpm-server - ASP.NET backend for FastCGI Process Manager
mono-xsp - simple web server to run ASP.NET applications - default version
mono-xsp4 - simple web server to run ASP.NET 4.0 applications
mono-xsp4-base - base libraries for XSP 4.0
mrtgutils - Utilities to generate statistics for mrtg
nagios-plugins-contrib - Plugins for nagios compatible monitoring systems
nano-tiny - small, friendly text editor inspired by Pico - tiny build
ntpsec-ntpviz - NTP statistics graphing utility
open-infrastructure-apache-icons - alternative icons for Apache autoindex
openvpn-auth-ldap - OpenVPN LDAP authentication module
parser3-cgi - Parser 3, HTML-embedded scripting language (CGI binary)
passenger-doc - Rails and Rack support for Apache2 - Documentation
pear-channels - PEAR channels for various projects
petit - log analysis tool for syslog, apache and raw log files
phing - PHP5 project build system based on Apache Ant
php-cassandra - DataStax PHP Driver for Apache Cassandra
php-letodms-lucene - Document management system - Fulltext search
php-solr - PHP extension for communicating with Apache Solr server
php-stomp - Streaming Text Oriented Messaging Protocol (STOMP) client module for PHP
php-symfony-web-server-bundle - provide commands for applications using the PHP built-in web server
php-zend-code - Zend Framework - Code component
php7.2-fpm - server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (FPM-CGI binary)
phpliteadmin - web-based SQLite database admin tool
picviz - Parallel coordinates plotter
prayer - standalone IMAP-based webmail server
prayer-accountd - account management daemon for Prayer
prayer-templates-dev - tools for compiling Prayer templates
prayer-templates-src - templates for customizing Prayer Webmail
proftpd-basic - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - binaries
proftpd-dev - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - development files
proftpd-doc - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - documentation
proftpd-mod-geoip - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - GeoIP module
proftpd-mod-ldap - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - LDAP module
proftpd-mod-mysql - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - MySQL module
proftpd-mod-odbc - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - ODBC module
proftpd-mod-pgsql - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - PostgreSQL module
proftpd-mod-sqlite - Versatile, virtual-hosting FTP daemon - SQLite3 module
prometheus-apache-exporter - Prometheus exporter for Apache server metrics
puppet-master-passenger - configuration management system, scalable master service
puppet-module-puppetlabs-apache - Puppet module for Apache
pure-ftpd - Secure and efficient FTP server
pure-ftpd-ldap - Secure and efficient FTP server with LDAP user authentication
pure-ftpd-mysql - Secure and efficient FTP server with MySQL user authentication
pure-ftpd-postgresql - Secure and efficient FTP server with PostgreSQL user authentication
pwauth - authenticator for mod_authnz_external and the Apache HTTP Daemon
pyblosxom - lightweight file-based weblog system written in Python
pycassa-doc - Documentation for the Pycassa library
python-apache-openid - OpenID consumer module for Apache
python-avro - Apache Avro serialization system — Python 2 library
python-cassandra - Python driver for Apache Cassandra
python-cassandra-dbg - Python driver for Apache Cassandra (debug)
python-certbot-apache - transitional dummy package
python-certbot-apache-doc - Apache plugin documentation for Certbot
python-cmislib - CMIS client library for Python
python-cmislib-doc - CMIS client library for Python (documentation)
python-couchdb - library for working with Apache CouchDB
python-cs - simple, yet powerful CloudStack API client (Python module)
python-django-downloadview - efficient static file serving with Django
python-django-websocket-redis - Websockets for Django applications using Redis (Python2 version)
python-feather-format - Python interface to the Apache Arrow-based Feather File Format (Python 2)
python-flask-autoindex - automatically generated index pages for Flask applications (Python 2)
python-flask-autoindex-doc - automatically generated index pages for Flask applications (documentation)
python-flup - Implements Python Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI)
python-happybase - developer-friendly Python library to interact with Apache HBase
python-kafka - Pure Python client for Apache Kafka - Python 2.x
python-kafka-doc - Pure Python client for Apache Kafka - doc
python-kerberos - GSSAPI interface module - Python 2.x
python-libcloud - unified Python interface into the cloud
python-logsparser - Python library for log parsing, tagging and analysis.
python-mod-pywebsocket - WebSocket extension for Apache HTTP Server
python-pycassa - Client library for Apache Cassandra
python-pysolr - lightweight Python wrapper for querying Apache Solr
python-schema-salad - Schema Annotations for Linked Avro Data (SALAD)
python-sortedcollections-doc - Python documentation for Sorted Collections
python-stompy - Implementation of the STOMP protocol in Python
python-subversion - Python bindings for Apache Subversion
python-txzookeeper - Twisted-based Asynchronous Libraries for Apache Zookeeper.
python-urwid - curses-based UI/widget library for Python 2
python-urwid-doc - curses-based UI/widget library (common documentation)
python3-avro - Apache Avro serialization system — Python 3 library
python3-cassandra - Python driver for Apache Cassandra (Python 3)
python3-cassandra-dbg - Python driver for Apache Cassandra (Python 3 debug)
python3-certbot-apache - Apache plugin for Certbot
python3-cherrypy3 - Python web development framework - Python 3 module
python3-cs - simple, yet powerful CloudStack API client (Python 3 module)
python3-django-downloadview - efficient static file serving with Django (Python3 version)
python3-django-websocket-redis - Websockets for Django applications using Redis (Python3 version)
python3-feather-format - Python interface to the Apache Arrow-based Feather File Format (Python 3)
python3-flask-autoindex - automatically generated index pages for Flask applications (Python 3)
python3-kafka - Pure Python client for Apache Kafka - Python 3.x
python3-kazoo - higher level API to Apache Zookeeper (Python 3)
python3-kerberos - GSSAPI interface module - Python 3.x
python3-libcloud - unified Python interface into the cloud (Python3 version)
python3-pysolr - lightweight Python wrapper for querying Apache Solr
python3-retrying - simplifies the task of adding retry behavior - Python 3.x
python3-sortedcollections - Python 3 Sorted Collections
python3-thriftpy - Pure Python implementation of Apache Thrift
python3-urwid - curses-based UI/widget library for Python 3
r-cran-solrium - general purpose R interface to 'Solr'
radicale - simple calendar and addressbook server - daemon
rsyslog-kafka - Apache Kafka support for rsyslog
rt4-apache2 - Apache 2 specific files for request-tracker4
rt4-fcgi - External FastCGI support for request-tracker4
ruby-grack - Git Smart HTTP Server Rack implementation in Ruby/Rack
ruby-rack-rewrite - rack middleware for enforcing rewrite rules
ruby-svn - Ruby bindings for Apache Subversion
shibboleth-sp2-common - Federated web single sign-on system (common files)
shibboleth-sp2-utils - Federated web single sign-on system (daemon and utilities)
slowhttptest - application layer Denial of Service attacks simulation tool
smtpprox - simple efficient SMTP proxy in perl
snoopy - execve() wrapper and logger
subversion - Advanced version control system
subversion-tools - Assorted tools related to Apache Subversion
sugarplum - automated and intelligent spam trap/cache-poisoner
syslog-ng-mod-kafka - Enhanced system logging daemon (kafka destination)
tclws - Tcl Web Services
tomcat8 - Apache Tomcat 8 - Servlet and JSP engine
tomcat8-admin - Apache Tomcat 8 - Servlet and JSP engine -- admin web applications
tomcat8-common - Apache Tomcat 8 - Servlet and JSP engine -- common files
tomcat8-docs - Apache Tomcat 8 - Servlet and JSP engine -- documentation
tomcat8-examples - Apache Tomcat 8 - Servlet and JSP engine -- example web applications
tomcat8-user - Apache Tomcat 8 - Servlet and JSP engine -- tools to create user instances
torrus-common - Universal front-end for Round-Robin Databases (common files)
trafficserver - fast, scalable and extensible HTTP/1.1 compliant caching proxy server
trafficserver-dev - Apache Traffic Server Software Developers Kit (SDK)
trafficserver-experimental-plugins - experimental plugins for Apache Traffic Server
uima-doc - Documentation for the Apache UIMA framework
uima-examples - Examples of UIMA components
uima-utils - UIMA tools
viewvc - web interface for CVS and/or Subversion repositories
vlogger - virtual web logfile rotater/parser
watchcatd - Process monitoring daemon
webauth-tests - Tests for the WebAuth authentication modules
webdruid - Web server log file analysis tool
wwwconfig-common - Debian web auto configuration
xalan - XSLT processor utility
xml-security-c-utils - C++ library for XML Digital Signatures (utilities)
xqilla - XQuery and XPath 2.0 command line interpreter
yasat - simple stupid audit tool
yubikey-val - One-Time Password (OTP) validation server for YubiKey tokens
zktop - top for Apache ZooKeeper
google-android-sdk-docs-installer - Android SDK Documentation from Google
pycsw-wsgi - WSGI Apache CSW service based on pycsw
sun-javadb-client - Apache Derby Client JDBC Driver (transitional package)
sun-javadb-core - Apache Derby Database Engine (transitional package)
sun-javadb-demo - Apache Derby API documentation and examples (transitional pkg)
sun-javadb-doc - Apache Derby API documentation and examples (transitional pkg)
sun-javadb-javadoc - Apache Derby API documentation and examples (transitional pkg)



*********************

كيفية البحث عن  حزم معينة apt ؟



إذا كنت تريد فقط البحث عن الحزم باستخدام أسماء حزم معينة ، فيمكنك استخدام الأمر أدناه:

apt-cache pkgnames <أسم حزمة>

يمنحك هذا قائمة بجميع الحزم التي تبدأ بمصطلح البحث الخاص بك.




بمجرد معرفة اسم الحزمة بالضبط ، يمكنك الحصول على مزيد من المعلومات حوله مثل الإصدار ، التبعيات ، إلخ ، باستخدام الأمر أدناه:

apt-cache showpkg < اسم الحزمة>


كيفية تثبيت حزم جديدة مع apt-get ؟



إذا كنت تعرف اسم الحزمة ، فيمكنك تثبيتها بسهولة باستخدام الأمر أدناه:

#sudo apt-get install <اسم الحزمة>


كيفية تثبيت حزم متعددة ؟




#sudo apt-get install <اسم الحزمة1> <package_2> <اسم الحزمة3> <اسم الحزمة4> <اسم الحزمة5>



ماذا سوف يحصل في حال أعدت  التثبيت على حزمة مثبتة بالفعل؟


افترض أن لديك حزمة مثبتة بالفعل ولكنك استخدمت أمر التثبيت للحزمة المثبتة بالفعل. سيظهر هذا بالفعل في قاعدة البيانات وإذا تم العثور على إصدار أحدث ، فإنه سيقوم بترقية الحزمة المثبتة إلى أحدث. لذلك لا ضرر باستخدام هذا الأمر إلا إذا كنت لا ترغب في ترقيته.

كيفية تثبيت الحزم دون ترقية ؟


لنفترض لسبب ما أنك تريد تثبيت حزمة ولكنك لا تريد ترقيتها .


في هذه الحالة ، يمكنك استخدام sub -no-upgrade بالطريقة التالية:

#sudo apt-get install <اسم الحزمة> --no-upgrade


كيفية ترقية الحزم فقط ، وليس تثبيته ؟


في حالة ما إذا كنت ترغب في ترقية حزمة فقط ولكنك لا تريد تثبيتها في حال لم تكن مثبتة بالفعل .

#sudo apt-get install <اسم الحزمة> --only-upgrade



كيفية تثبيت إصدار محدد من التطبيق ؟


بشكل افتراضي ، سيتم تثبيت أحدث إصدار متوفر في المستودع لأي تطبيق. ولكن لبعض الأسباب ، إذا كنت لا تريد تثبيت أحدث إصدار ، يمكنك تحديد رقم الإصدار .


كل ما عليك القيام به هو إضافة = الإصدار مع اسم الحزمة.

#sudo apt-get install <اسم الحزمة>=<الإصدار>

كيفية إزالة الحزم المثبتة مع apt-get ؟




#sudo apt-get remove <اسم الحزمة>


طريقة أخرى لإزالة الحزم هي استخدام التطهير. يتم استخدام الأمر بالطريقة التالية:

#sudo apt-get purge <اسم الحزمة>


ما هو الفرق بين الأزالة و التطهير apt-get remove و apt-get purge؟


1-يعمل remove على الازالة دون ملفات التكوين .

2-يزيل apt-get purge كل ما يتعلق بالحزمة بما في ذلك ملفات التهيئة .

لذلك في حال أزلت برنامج معين وقمت بتثبيته مرة أخرى ، فسيكون للنظام نفس ملفات التكوين. بالطبع ، سيُطلب منك تجاوز ملفات التكوين الموجودة عند تثبيته مرة أخرى.



يعد Purge مفيدًا بشكل خاص عند تعطل تكوين البرنامج. تريد مسح آثاره بالكامل من النظام وربما تبدأ من جديد.


في معظم الأحيان ، تكون عملية الإزالة البسيطة أكثر من كافية لإلغاء تثبيت حزمة.



كيفية  تنظيف النظام الخاص بك مع apt-get ؟


يمكنك أيضًا تنظيف النظام باستخدام apt-get وتحرير بعض المساحة على القرص.



#sudo apt-get clean

طريقة أخرى هي استخدام autoclean. بخلاف الأمر النظيفة أعلاه ، فإن autoclean يزيل فقط ملفات الحزم المسترجعة التي تحتوي على إصدار أحدث الآن ولن يتم استخدامها بعد الآن.

#sudo apt-get autoclean


هناك طريقة أخرى لتحرير مساحة القرص لاستخدام autoremove. يزيل ليبس والحزم التي تم تثبيتها تلقائيا لتلبية تبعيات حزمة مثبتة. إذا تمت إزالة الحزمة ، فإن هذه الحزم المثبتة تلقائيًا غير مجدية في النظام. هذا الأمر يزيل هذه الحزم.

#sudo apt-get autoremove






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